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Run a Light Node

Overview#

Node version: conflux-rust v1.0.3.

Light nodes are special nodes in the Conflux network that store block headers only, and retrieve everything else from their peers on-demand. This means that by default, light nodes do not store transactions, nor do they store the state trees. This can drastically reduce the disk and bandwidth use of light nodes compared to full and archive nodes, especially under high TPS. As a trade-off, RPC queries have a higher latency on light nodes.

Light nodes execute GHAST consensus on their local header graph, and they also verify each item retrieved on-demand using Merkle proofs and other similar mechanisms. Items retrieved on-demand include accounts, bloom filters, transactions, and transaction receipts. This means that, while light nodes need to rely on their peers to fulfill RPC queries, they do this in a trustless manner.

The current light node implementation is still considered experimental, bugs are expected to exist. If you encounter any issues, please let us know by opening an issue on the conflux-rust repository.

Running a light node#

Light nodes are implemented as a part of the official conflux-rust binary and can be enabled using the --light command line flag.

Please start by downloading the latest release from the conflux-rust repository, or by building from source following this guide. Then, you can simply run the node using these commands:

> cd run
> ./conflux --config tethys.toml --light 2> stderr.txt

Alternatively, if you want your node to connect to the testnet, you will need to pass testnet.toml instead. Similarly to full nodes, you will know when your node is fully synced with the network once it prints:

Catch-up mode: false

Interacting with a light node#

Similarly to full and archive nodes, you can interact with a light node through an HTTP, TCP, or WebSocket connection. By default, local HTTP queries are enabled through port 12539. For details, please refer to the JSON-RPC documentation.

RPC queries#

Light nodes support most Conflux RPC APIs, and support for the rest is also on the way. As light nodes need to query their peers to fulfill RPC requests, the overall latency is slightly larger. (It is significantly larger for cfx_getLogs, see below.)

> curl -X POST --data '{ "jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "cfx_clientVersion", "id": 1 }' -H "Content-Type: application/json" localhost:12539
{ "jsonrpc": "2.0", "result": "conflux-rust-1.0.0", "id": 1 }
> curl -X POST --data '{ "jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"cfx_getBalance", "params": ["cfx:type.user:aarc9abycue0hhzgyrr53m6cxedgccrmmyybjgh4xg"], "id": 2 }' -H "Content-Type: application/json" localhost:12539
{ "jsonrpc": "2.0", "result": "0x5fc346d4363f84249d4a", "id": 2 }
> curl -X POST --data '{ "jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "cfx_getLogs", "params": [{ "address": "cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp", "fromEpoch": "0x1c8b8", "toEpoch": "0x1c8d6" }], "id": 3}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" localhost:12539
{ "jsonrpc": "2.0", "result": [{ "address": "CFX:TYPE.CONTRACT:ACC7UAWF5UBTNMEZVHU9DHC6SGHEA0403Y2DGPYFJP", "blockHash": "0x694898c77602511b6c411860ec230ac7ca58c08a4cbe3cad904e724b2eb97fee", "data": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000049b9ca9a694340000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000a000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000141da5f533abef1b82a4a6d698415b8a56894b7b410000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000", "epochNumber": "0x1c8bf", "logIndex": "0x0", "topics": ["0x06b541ddaa720db2b10a4d0cdac39b8d360425fc073085fac19bc82614677987","0x0000000000000000000000001da5f533abef1b82a4a6d698415b8a56894b7b41","0x0000000000000000000000001da5f533abef1b82a4a6d698415b8a56894b7b41","0x00000000000000000000000080bb30efc5683758128b404fe5da03432eb16634"], "transactionHash": "0x7dcfeb245369e509f2d154f2d5523e3ebe0b54f1d420e02edf56c70cdcae278d", "transactionIndex": "0x0", "transactionLogIndex": "0x0" },{ "address": "CFX:TYPE.CONTRACT:ACC7UAWF5UBTNMEZVHU9DHC6SGHEA0403Y2DGPYFJP", "blockHash": "0x694898c77602511b6c411860ec230ac7ca58c08a4cbe3cad904e724b2eb97fee", "data": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000049b9ca9a694340000", "epochNumber": "0x1c8bf", "logIndex": "0x1", "topics": ["0xddf252ad1be2c89b69c2b068fc378daa952ba7f163c4a11628f55a4df523b3ef","0x0000000000000000000000001da5f533abef1b82a4a6d698415b8a56894b7b41","0x00000000000000000000000080bb30efc5683758128b404fe5da03432eb16634"], "transactionHash": "0x7dcfeb245369e509f2d154f2d5523e3ebe0b54f1d420e02edf56c70cdcae278d", "transactionIndex": "0x0", "transactionLogIndex": "0x1" }], "id": 3 } -H "Content-Type: application/json" localhost:12539

JavaScript#

Light nodes support most of the functionalities of the JavaScript SDK (js-conflux-sdk). You can install the SDK using the following command:

> npm install --save [email protected]

Then, you can query the blockchain and send transactions:

const { Conflux, Drip } = require('js-conflux-sdk');
const PRIVATE_KEY = '0x...';
const RECEIVER = 'cfx:type.user:aarc9abycue0hhzgyrr53m6cxedgccrmmyybjgh4xg';
async function main() {
const conflux = new Conflux({ url: 'http://localhost:12539' });
// query node version
const client_version = await conflux.provider.call('cfx_clientVersion');
console.log('client_version:', client_version);
// query account balance
const balance = await conflux.getBalance('cfx:type.user:aarc9abycue0hhzgyrr53m6cxedgccrmmyybjgh4xg');
console.log('balance:', balance.toString(10));
// query smart contract logs
const logs = await conflux.getLogs({
address: 'cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp',
fromEpoch: 116920,
toEpoch: 116950,
});
console.log('logs:', logs);
// send transaction
const account = conflux.wallet.addPrivateKey(PRIVATE_KEY);
const tx = {
from: account.address,
to: RECEIVER,
value: Drip.fromCFX(0.1),
gasPrice: '0x1',
};
try {
const receipt = await conflux.sendTransaction(tx).executed();
console.log('receipt:', receipt);
} catch (e) {
console.error(e);
}
}
main();

Other SDKs#

While it has not been tested, light nodes are expected to work with the Java and Go SDKs as well.

Troubleshooting#

Why do I get an error when calling a contract method?#

If you run the following code:

const admin = await cfx.InternalContract('AdminControl').getAdmin('cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp');
console.log('admin:', admin);

... you will get this error:

RPCError: This API is not implemented yet
at HttpProvider.call
at processTicksAndRejections
at async Conflux.call
at async MethodTransaction.call
at async MethodTransaction.then {
code: -32000,
data: 'Tracking issue: https://github.com/Conflux-Chain/conflux-rust/issues/1461'
}

This is because contract calls use the cfx_call RPC API which is not yet supported on light nodes. For details, please refer to this table.

Suppose you would like to send a transaction to a smart contract:

conflux.InternalContract('AdminControl').setAdmin('cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp', 'cfx:type.user:aarc9abycue0hhzgyrr53m6cxedgccrmmyybjgh4xg').sendTransaction({
from: account,
}).executed();

You will get a similar error. This is because for contract transactions, js-conflux-sdk will automatically attempt to estimate the gas limit and storage limit using the cfx_estimateGasAndCollateral RPC which is not yet supported on light nodes. You can address this by manually setting these parameters:

conflux.InternalContract('AdminControl').setAdmin('cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp', 'cfx:type.user:aarc9abycue0hhzgyrr53m6cxedgccrmmyybjgh4xg').sendTransaction({
from: account,
gas: '0x1111',
storageLimit: '0x0',
gasPrice: '0x1',
}).executed();

If you encounter a This API is not implemented yet error, you can set the debug logger on the conflux object to find out which RPC is causing it.

const cfx = new Conflux({
url: 'http://localhost:12539',
logger: console,
});

Why do I see timeout instead of null?#

For most operations, you might sometimes see a timeout error:

RPCError: Operation timeout: "Timeout while retrieving transaction with hash 0x497755f45baef13a35347933c48c0b8940f2cc3347477b5ed9f165581b082699"

This is because light nodes have to retrieve transactions and other items from their peers. If no peer responds within 4 seconds, you will get a timeout error. In most cases, retrying the query will succeed.

You will also get a timeout if you call conflux.getTransactionByHash and pass a transaction hash that does not exist. This is because the "non-existence" or transactions is not something light nodes can verify, so returning null might be misleading. This behavior might change in the future.

I'm searching through event logs, why is it so slow?#

Log filtering is a very expensive operation on light nodes. For each epoch in the range you specify, the node needs to perform 1 to 3 queries. We recommend you make multiple queries with smaller epoch ranges.

Instead of...

const fromEpoch = 110000;
const toEpoch = 119999;
// NOT RECOMMENDED
const logs = await cfx.getLogs({ fromEpoch, toEpoch, address: 'cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp' });
console.log('logs:', logs);

... you are encouraged to do this:

for (ii = 0; ii < 10; ++ii) {
const fromEpoch = 110000 + ii * 1000;
const toEpoch = 110000 + (ii + 1) * 1000 - 1;
const logs = await cfx.getLogs({ fromEpoch, toEpoch, address: 'cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp' });
console.log('logs:', logs);
}

RPC availability#

RPCsupported
cfx_callnot yet
cfx_checkBalanceAgainstTransactionOK
cfx_clientVersionOK
cfx_epochNumberOK
cfx_estimateGasAndCollateralnot yet
cfx_gasPriceOK
cfx_getAccountOK
cfx_getAccumulateInterestRateOK
cfx_getAdminOK
cfx_getBalanceOK
cfx_getBestBlockHashOK
cfx_getBlockByEpochNumberOK
cfx_getBlockByHashOK
cfx_getBlockByHashWithPivotAssumptionOK
cfx_getBlockRewardInfonot yet
cfx_getBlocksByEpochOK
cfx_getCodeOK
cfx_getCollateralForStorageOK
cfx_getConfirmationRiskByHashOK
cfx_getInterestRateOK
cfx_getLogsOK
cfx_getNextNonceOK
cfx_getSkippedBlocksByEpochOK
cfx_getSponsorInfoOK
cfx_getStakingBalanceOK
cfx_getStatusOK
cfx_getStorageAtOK
cfx_getStorageRootOK
cfx_getTransactionByHashOK
cfx_getTransactionReceiptOK
cfx_sendRawTransactionOK